The organs of Paris
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After the revolution

(1) Organs built in the 19th century

(2) Organs built in the 20th century

(3) Organs built in the 21th century

The 20th century: back to basics! The first decades of the 20st century are dominated by Mutin (successor of Cavaillé-Coll), who elaborates on the symphonic organ as created by Cavaillé-Coll. However, as time proceeds, a new generation of organists, composers and builders is growing up, which becomes increasingly interested in the ‘old’ music and new musical languages, which called for another type of organ. The organ builder Gonzalez, leader of the group ‘Les amis d’orgue’ together with André Marchal, Norbert Dufourcq and Bérenger de Miramon Fitz-James takes the lead in creating a new organ type which was meant to allow playing both ‘old’ and ‘modern’ music. Other leading organ builders in this century are Gutschenritter (successor of Merklin) and in particular Beuchet-Debierre, following a similar artistic road. In the last decades of the 20th century, views are shifting again: a growing interest in the 19th century symphonic organs is seen, giving birth to a more conservative restoration policy. The leading builder in these decades is Dargassies (from the former Gonzalez firm). The   table   on   the   right   side   shows   the   main   organ   builders   of   the   20th century    and    the    numbers    of    organs    they    built    or    restored    and/or renovated.    Organ    builders    which    were    primarely    active    in    the    last decades   of   the   20th   century   are   listed      in   the   tabel   addressing   the organs of the 21th century . This   table   shows   the   dominance   of   Beuchet-Debierre   et   al,   with   Mutin, Gonzalez   and   Gutschenritter   being   the   main   competitors.   Mutin   is   on top with regard to newly built organs.
Organs of Paris

After the revolution -

Organs built in the 20th century

The 20th century: back to basics! The first decades of the 20st century are dominated by Mutin (successor of Cavaillé-Coll) as the leading builder, who elaborates on the symphonic organ as created by Cavaillé-Coll. However, as time proceeds, a new generation of organists, composers and builders is growing up, which becomes increasingly interested in the ‘old’ music and new musical languages, which calls for another type of organ. The organ builder Gonzalez, leader of the group ‘Les amis d’orgue’ together with André Marchal, Norbert Dufourcq and Bérenger de Miramon Fitz-James takes the lead in creating a new organ type which was meant to allow playing both ‘old’ and ‘modern’ music. Other leading organ builders in this century are Gutschenritter (successor of Merklin) and in particular Beuchet- Debierre, following a similar artistic road. In the last decades of the 20th century, views are shifting again: a growing interest in the 19th century symphonic organs is seen, giving birth to a more conservative restoration policy. The leading builder in these decades is Dargassies (from the former Gonzalez firm). The   table   below   shows   the   main   organ   builders   of   the   20th   century and   the   numbers   of   organs   they   built   or   restored   and/or   renovated. Organ   builders   which   were   primarely   active   in   the   last   decades   of   the 20th   century   are   listed   in   the   tabel   addressing   the   organs   of   the   21th century . This   table   shows   the   dominance   of   Beuchet-Debierre   et   al,   with   Mutin, Gonzalez   and   Gutschenritter   being   the   main   competitors.   Mutin   is   on top with regard to newly built organs.
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19th century - 20th century - 21th century