The organs of Paris
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Cavaillé-Coll 1-2-3-4

Post-classical period Upon his arrival in Paris in 1833, Aristide Cavaillé-Coll was awarded a contract for a large organ for the basilica of Saint-Denis. This highly innovative instrument would become a model for the more than 600 organs which he would built until his death in 1899. The main innovations of Cavaillé-Coll, incorporated in this organ in their early forms: - the Récit-expressive (swell box), which would become the most important keyboard in his symphonic period - stops like the flute harmonique and the voix céleste - new voicing techniques, which gave a complete freedom of mixing timbres (funds, mixtures and reeds) - divided windchests, allowing the use of higher wind pressures where appropriate and an appel anches, permitting to add or subtract all reeds of a keyboard as a group by means of a pedal. - introduction of the Barker machine to lower the effort needed to pressing the keys, in particular when playing on coupled keyboards. Cavaillé-Coll built ten (still existing) organs in Paris between 1833 and 1850 (the ‘post-classical’ period), among which the organ in Sainte-Madeleine. Next: - the ' operatic' period (1851-1871) - the ´ symphonic ´ period (1872-1898)
Organs of Paris

Cavaillé-Coll 1-2-3-4

ORGANS OF PARIS 2.0 © Vincent Hildebrandt COLOPHON
Post-classical period Upon his arrival in Paris in 1833, Aristide Cavaillé-Coll was awarded a contract for a large organ for the basilica of Saint-Denis. This highly innovative instrument would become a model for the more than 600 organs which he would built until his death in 1899. The main innovations of Cavaillé-Coll, incorporated in this organ in their early forms: - the Récit-expressive (swell box), which would become the most important keyboard in his symphonic period - stops like the flute harmonique and the voix céleste - new voicing techniques, which gave a complete freedom of mixing timbres (funds, mixtures and reeds) - divided windchests, allowing the use of higher wind pressures where appropriate and an appel anches, permitting to add or subtract all reeds of a keyboard as a group by means of a pedal. - introduction of the Barker machine to lower the effort needed to pressing the keys, in particular when playing on coupled keyboards. Cavaillé-Coll built ten (still existing) organs in Paris between 1833 and 1850 (the ‘post-classical’ period), among which the organ in Sainte-Madeleine. Next: - the ' operatic' period (1851-1871) - the ´ symphonic ´ period (1872-1898)